The population of the country
as on 1st January, 1994, is estimated at about 124.45
million with its male/female ratio of 52.50:47.50
per cent. The current growth rate of 3.0 percent
is the highest among nine most populous countries
of the world. The population is expected to reach
150 million by the year 2000. Density per square
kilometer is 156 persons.
Literacy rate is estimated to be 36.8 per cent.
Of the four provinces, with 25.8 per cent of land
area of the country, Punjab has 56.5 per cent of
the total population; Sindh, with 17.7 per cent
of land area, has 22.6 per cent: NWFP, (including
FATA) with 12.8 per cent of land area, has 15.7
percent; Balochistan, with 43.6 per cent of land
area, has 5.1 per cent. Thus, Punjab is the most
densely (240 persons per sq km) populated province,
followed by Sindh and NWFP. Balochistan is the least
populated province, with 19 persons per square kilometer.
The overall population density of the country is
156 persons per square kilometers as estimated in
1994. Sindh is the urbanized province with 43 per
cent of the people living in urban areas including
Karachi City. The urban population of Punjab is
28 per cent followed by NWFP, 21 per cent, and Balochistan
16 per cent. About 67 per cent of the total urban
population of the country lives in 28 cities with
population of 100,000 and above, while 57 per cent
of the total urban population lives in 12 cities
with population lives in 12 cities with population
of 200,000 and above.